Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot most commonly found in the deep veins of the legs, pelvis or arms. When a clot forms in a deep vein, blood flow is re-routed and pressure builds. This can lead to swelling, pain, and redness in the leg since the blood flow from the leg to the heart is being blocked.
Common symptoms of a DVT are:
- Pain in calf area, increased when standing or walking.
- Swelling of the lower leg.
- Redness in the lower leg.
- Symptoms are usually in one leg, not both.
Common risk factors include:
- Trauma, accident or injury.
- Recent surgery, especially of the legs.
- Hospitalization or recent illnesses.
- Active cancer.
- Genetic clotting disorders.
- People who are smokers
The most dangerous complication from a DVT is when the clot breaks free from the vein and travels to the lungs. This is called a Pulmonary Embolism (PE) and can be fatal. It is estimated that approximately 600,000 people in the United States die of Pulmonary Embolism a year.
If a DVT is suspected, the doctors at the Inovia Vein Specialty Centers will perform an in office, non-invasive imaging study called vascular ultrasound of the leg. A complete medical and health history will also be taken including any personal or family history of blood clots or bleeding problems.
Upon diagnosis, treatment options and a plan for on-going care will be presented to the patient. Usually patients are encouraged to be active and to start wearing compression stockings immediately. Blood thinners may be presented to help dissolve the clot. Whenever possible, we strive to offer the latest blood thinning options like the novel oral anticoagulants Eliquis (Apipxaban) and Xarelto (Rivaroxaban), rather than Coumadin (warfarin). Further monitoring of this potentially dangerous can be carried out with our specialists at our offices in Bend and Tigard, Oregon.